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Italy in Photos

Photos of Italy taken on Walks in the Cities Towns & Villages of Italia

Welcome to Italy in Photos and an immersive visual journey through the enchanting city of Naples: – Naples, Italy is a city of contrasts, where ancient and modern, beauty and chaos, culture and grit coexist in a vibrant and captivating way. It is the third-largest city in Italy, and one of the oldest in Europe, with a history that spans over 2,800 years. Naples is also the regional capital of Campania, a region known for its natural wonders, such as the volcanic Mount Vesuvius, the stunning Amalfi Coast, and the islands of Capri and Ischia. It is a city that appeals to all the senses, with its rich artistic and architectural heritage, its lively and colorful streets, its mouthwatering cuisine, and its passionate and friendly people. Naples is home to some of the most important cultural sites in the world, such as the National Archaeological Museum, which houses the largest collection of Roman and Greek artifacts, the Royal Palace, which was the residence of the Bourbon kings, and the San Carlo Theatre, which is the oldest and largest opera house in Europe. Naples is also famous for being the birthplace of pizza, which can be enjoyed in its authentic form at one of the many pizzerias that dot the city. Naples is a city that never ceases to surprise and delight, with its hidden gems and unexpected discoveries. It is a city that invites you to explore its secrets, from the underground catacombs and tunnels that date back to the ancient times, to the artistic treasures that adorn the churches and chapels, such as the Veiled Christ sculpture by Giuseppe Sanmartino, or the frescoes by Caravaggio, the master of Baroque painting. Naples is also a city that celebrates its traditions and festivals, such as the feast of its patron saint, San Gennaro, whose blood is said to miraculously liquefy three times a year, or the Christmas cribs, which are elaborate and intricate representations of the Nativity scene. Naples is a city that will captivate you with its charm and energy, and make you fall in love with its spirit and soul. It is a city that offers something for everyone, whether you are looking for history, art, nature, gastronomy, or entertainment. Naples is a city that you will never forget, and that will always welcome you back.

Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi is a major square in the city of Naples, Italy. It is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi, a famous Italian general and nationalist who fought for the unification of Italy. The square is located near the Naples Central Station, the main railway station in the city, and is also served by two subway lines and several bus routes. The square is a busy and lively place, with many hotels, restaurants, shops, and street vendors. It also hosts a statue of Garibaldi and a modern steel pergola that covers the entrance to the subway station. The square is a good starting point to explore the historical and cultural attractions of Naples, such as the Underground Ruins, the Veiled Christ, and the Santa Chiara Cloister. (Photo 1) – Corso Umberto I is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza Mancini to Piazza Bovio. (Photos 2-4-5-6) – Via Antonio Tari is a street in Naples which runs from Corso Umberto I to Via Leopoldo Rodinò. (Photo 3) – The Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II is located at Piazza Giovanni Bovio. It’s a statue of Vittorio Emanuele II, the last of the eight statues housed in the niches on the main facade of the Reggia di Napoli. The statue is made by Francesco Jerace. (Photo 7) – Via Cardinale Guglielmo Sanfelice is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza Giovanni Bovio to Via Armando Diaz. (Photos 8-9) – Piazza del Municipio in Naples is a remarkable square, one of the largest in Europe and highly significant due to its proximity to several key landmarks. It is situated in the heart of Naples, extending from Palazzo San Giacomo (the Town Hall) to the roadway that separates it from the maritime station and the port area. It’s flanked by notable buildings, including the Maschio Angioino, and the San Giacomo palace. The Neptune Fountain also graces this square. During the construction of the “Municipio” subway station, significant archaeological finds were unearthed. These discoveries date back to various periods, from Roman times to the nineteenth century, Among the findings are amphorae, ancient walls, and even intact ships and caravels. Most intriguingly, the remains of a Roman-era citadel, including a spa complex, were also revealed. Piazza Municipio is now poised to become a new archaeological site, showcasing the ancient port of Greco-Roman Neapolis. Exhibits from these excavations will be displayed in the “Neapolis station-museum” within the square. (Photos 10-11) – Via Vittorio Emanuele III is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza del Municipio to Piazza Trieste e Trento. (Photo 13) – Castel Nuovo, also known as Maschio Angioino (Angevin Keep), is a captivating medieval castle in Naples. It stands proudly overlooking Piazza Municipio and holds a rich historical significance. Castel Nuovo is an imposing Medieval Renaissance fortress situated next to the port of Naples, was originally constructed between 1279 and 1282. King Charles I of Anjou commissioned its construction during the 13th century. The castle underwent significant rebuilding by Alfonso V of Aragon after French rule ended, resulting in the majestic structure we see today. Castel Nuovo boasts five round towers connected by formidable stone walls. Its main entrance features an intricately carved white marble triumphal arch nestled between two watchtowers. Inside, visitors can explore: The Cappella Palatina (Palatine Chapel) adorned with historic frescoes, some painted by Giotto. – The Sala dell’Armeria (Armoury Hall), where a glass floor reveals Roman ruins below. -The Hall of the Barons, once the castle’s Throne Room and now used for city council meetings and cultural events. (Photo 13-14-15-16)

Largo del Castello: The original nucleus of the square lies to the north of the current Piazza del Municipio, adjacent to the bastions of Castel Nuovo. The other part of the present-day square was once a street called Via del Molo, which ran along the eastern bastions of the castle and descended to the large pier built during the reign of Charles II of Anjou in 1302. This pier remained intact until the 1930s. (Photos 17-18) – Via San Carlo is a street in Naples which runs from Via Vittorio Emanuele III to Piazza Trieste e Trento. (Photo 19-20-21) – Galleria Umberto I is a splendid public shopping gallery in Naples. It stands directly across from the renowned San Carlo opera house. The Galleria Umberto I was built between 1887 and 1890 and played a pivotal role in the extensive rebuilding of Naples, known as the risanamento (which translates to “making healthy again”). This ambitious urban renewal project continued until World War I. The gallery was designed in the Stile Umbertino by the architect Emanuele Rocco. Rocco drew inspiration from the modern architectural elements seen in the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan. Its name pays homage to Umberto I, the King of Italy during the time of its construction. The Galleria Umberto I boast a high and spacious cross-shaped structure crowned by a magnificent glass dome supported by 16 metal ribs. Among its four iron and glass-vaulted wings, one faces Via Toledo (Via Roma)—still the main downtown thoroughfare—and another opens onto the San Carlo Theatre. The third floor of the Galleria combines public space with private apartments, creating a harmonious blend of commerce, cafes, and social life. After a period of decline, the Galleria Umberto I has regained its status as an active centre of Neapolitan civic life. (Photos 22-23-24-25) – Via Santa Brigida is a street in Naples which runs from Via Vittorio Emanuele III to Via Toledo. (Photo 26-27) – Via Toledo is an ancient street and one of the most important shopping thoroughfares in the city of Naples. Stretching for almost 1.2 kilometres. it begins at Piazza Dante and ends in Piazza Trieste e Trento, near Piazza del Plebiscito. The street’s name is derived from the Spanish Viceroy Pedro Álvarez de Toledo, who governed Naples during the 16th century. The street is lined with boutiques, cafes, restaurants, and various commercial establishments. While strolling down Via Toledo, take a break at one of the many bars or restaurants and enjoy a coffee or indulge in some local cuisine. Keep in mind that crowds can be intense during peak times, so plan your visit accordingly. Whether your window shopping, savouring Neapolitan delicacies, or simply soaking in the vibrant atmosphere, Via Toledo remains a captivating part of Naples’ urban fabric. (Photos 28-30-) – Vico D’Afflitto is a street in Naples which runs from Via Toledo to Salita Trinità degli Spagnoli. (Photo 29) – Vico D’Afflitto is a street in Naples which runs from Via Toledo to Salita Trinità degli Spagnoli. (Photo 31) – Piazzetta Duca d’Aosta, also commonly known as Piazzetta Augusteo, is a charming square in the city of Naples, situated within the San Ferdinando neighbourhood. The name “Piazzetta Augusteo” stems from its location, where the Teatro Augusteo was constructed between 1926 and 1929. The square itself was created in 1928, a year before the theatre’s inauguration, primarily to facilitate passenger traffic for the new Funicolare Centrale (Central Funicular). The lower terminal station of the funicular still exists in this square, connecting the historic centre with the Vomero district.

Piazza Trieste e Trento, formerly known as Piazza San Ferdinando, is a bustling square in the historic centre of Naples, Italy. Piazza Trieste e Trento serves as a vital traffic hub, where several significant streets converge: Via Toledo, Via Chiaia, and Via San Carlo and it also acts as the primary access point to the nearby, more famous Piazza del Plebiscito. The square has undergone transformations over the years, shaping its current appearance. In the centre stands the Fountain of the Artichoke, built in the 1950s at the initiative of Achille Lauro. Overlooking the square is the renowned Caffè Gambrinus, a literary coffeehouse frequented by Neapolitan intellectuals and notable figures like Benedetto Croce, Matilde Serao, Gabriele D’Annunzio, Giovanni Agnelli, and even Oscar Wilde. (Photos 33-34-35) – Piazza del Plebiscito is the most important square in the city of Naples. It spans an impressive 25,000 square meters and holds a rich history and artistic significance. The square’s roots trace back to 1543, when it was initially an open space intended for the construction of a viceregal palace by Don Pedro de Toledo. The square gained its current name in 1860 to commemorate the plebiscite that led to the union of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies with the Savoy’s Piedmont and the rest of Italy. Previously known as Largo di Palazzo, it transformed into the vibrant Piazza del Plebiscito we know today. The square features significant statues and architectural landmarks such as the Basilica di San Francesco di Paola: This minor basilica, built in the 19th century, exemplifies Italian Neoclassical architecture. Its colonnade draws inspiration from St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, while its overall shape resembles the Pantheon. Equestrian Statues: Isolated from each other, two equestrian statues stand in front of the basilica: Charles III of Bourbon: The first statue represents Charles III, the Bourbon king who commissioned it to celebrate the dynasty’s return after Napoleon’s rule. Ferdinand I: The second statue, left unfinished by sculptor Antonio Canova, was completed by his student Antonio Calì. (Photo 36-37-38-39-40-41-42) – Via Cesario Console is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza del Plebiscito to Via Nazario Sauro. (Photos 43-44-46) – Via Santa Lucia is a street in Naples which runs from Via Cesario Console to Via Lucilio. (Photo 45) – The Statue of Augustus is a bronze replica of the famous Augustus of Prima Porta, a marble statue of the first Roman emperor that was discovered in 1863 in his wife’s villa. The replica was donated by Benito Mussolini to the city of Naples in 1936, and it stands on a terrace overlooking the sea on Via Cesario Console, a street named after a Neapolitan historian and politician. The statue depicts Augustus in a military pose, with his right arm raised to address his troops before a battle. It is one of the many monuments that adorn the Chiaia district, a historical and elegant area of Naples. Unfortunately, the statue has been vandalized several times by graffiti and other forms of disrespect. (Photo 47) – Via Ammiraglio Ferdinando Acton is a street in Naples which runs from the Tunnel della Vittoria to Via Cristoforo Colombo. (Photo 48) – Via Nazario Sauro is a street in Naples which runs from the Via Cesario Console to Via Partenope. (Photos 49-51-52-56) – Via Palepoli is a street in Naples which runs from the Via Nazario Sauro to Via Santa Lucia. (Photo 53) – The Fontana della Immacolatella, also known as the Fontana del Gigante, is a splendid fountain located in the curve between Via Partenope and Via Nazario Sauro, just a stone’s throw away from Castel dell’Ovo in Naples. The fountain was constructed in the early 17th century by the collaboration of Bernini and Naccherino and it stood near the Royal Palace, close to the colossal statue of the Giant Jupiter discovered in Cuma. From 1815, it found a new home at the molo, facing the building known as the Immacolatella. Over time, the fountain was moved several times: first near the Royal Palace, then near the Carmine, and later in the gardens of Via S. Pasquale a Chiaia.Finally, in 1905, it settled into its current definitive location in Santa Lucia. Some refer to it as the “Fontana degli Innamorati” (Fountain of Lovers) because of a charming belief: if you toss a coin into the central basin with your sweetheart, it brings good luck to your relationship. (Photos 54-55)

Via Partenope is a street in Naples which runs from the Via Nazario Sauro to Piazza Vittoria. (Photo 57-58-63-64-65-66-67) – Castel dell’Ovo, also known as the Egg Castle, is one of the oldest castles in Naples. The castle has Norman origins and is situated on the ancient island of Isolotto di Megaride. According to legend, the castle was named after the egg of the siren Partenope, which the poet Virgil supposedly hid underground within its walls. This sacred and enchanted egg was believed to bring good luck to the city if it remained intact. Even today, locals believe that the castle will never collapse as long as the egg remains hidden. Castel dell’Ovo stands on the seafront, offering breathtaking views of the Gulf of Naples. (Photos 58-59-60-61-62) – Piazza della Vittoria, is an important square in the city of Naples. The square is named after the victory of the Christian coalition against the Turks in the Battle of Lepanto fought in 1571. Legend has it that the Virgin Mary intervened for the success of the Christian forces, leading to the construction of the Santa Maria della Vittoria church overlooking the square. The church stands between Via Vannella Gaetani and Via Giorgio Arcoleo. Piazza Vittoria serves as a crucial crossroads for urban traffic. It receives traffic from the port (via the Galleria della Vittoria), Via Vannella Gaetani, and directs it towards the Chiaia waterfront, Mergellina, and Fuorigrotta. (Photos 68-70) – Monumento a Nicola Amore is a marble statue of Nicola Amore, a lawyer, politician, and former mayor of Naples. It is in Piazza della Vittoria, a square near the seafront of Naples. The statue was sculpted by Francesco Jerace and inaugurated in 1904. Nicola Amore (1828-1894) was a senator of the Kingdom of Italy and the mayor of Naples from 1883 to 1887 and from 1888 to 1889. He is remembered for his role in the urban renewal of Naples, which involved the demolition of many old buildings and the construction of new streets, such as Corso Umberto 2. The square that bears his name, also known as “e quatto palazze” (the four buildings) by the Neapolitans, was originally located in the centre of Corso Umberto I, but was moved in 1938 to make way for the parade of Adolf Hitler, who visited Naples to attend a naval review. The statue of Nicola Amore was also relocated to Piazza della Vittoria, where it still stands today. Piazza della Vittoria is a public space surrounded by palm trees and gardens, with a fountain and a monument to the fallen of the First World War. It is close to the Castel dell’Ovo, the oldest castle in Naples, and the Villa Comunale, a park that stretches along the waterfront. Piazza della Vittoria is a popular spot for locals and tourists, who can enjoy the view of the sea and the Vesuvius volcano. (Photo 69) -The Villa Comunale, also known as the Villa Reale, is one of the historic gardens in Naples, Italy. This vast garden, adorned with oak trees, pine trees, palms, and eucalyptus, stretches for over 1 kilometre between Piazza della Vittoria and Piazza della Repubblica. It is flanked by the Riviera di Chiaia and Via Caracciolo. The earliest roots of the Villa Comunale date back to 1697, when the Viceroy Duke of Medinacoeli planted a double row of trees along the Riviera di Chiaia, adorned with 13 fountains. This initial concept of a promenade extended from the Chiaia gate to the Crypta Neapolitana. Between 1778 and 1780, the beach area along the Riviera was transformed into a proper urban garden. King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon commissioned this project, and Carlo Vanvitelli, son of the renowned Luigi Vanvitelli, played a key role. Inspired by the Salon del Paseo del Prado in Madrid and the Tuileries Garden in Bourbon France, the Villa Comunale became a popular stroll for the aristocracy. The royal botanist Felice Abbate assisted Vanvitelli in selecting the plant species. In the early 19th century, architects Stefano Gasse and Paolo Ambrosino expanded and redesigned the villa. Under the decree of Giuseppe Bonaparte in 1807, the park was further enhanced. The straight-lined tree-lined promenade was complemented by a more romantic park, complete with winding paths and flowerbeds. (Photos 71-72-73-74) – The Cassa Armonica, also known as the Chiosco della Musica, is a delightful architectural gem nestled within the Villa Comunale in Naples. Enrico Alvino conceived the idea for the Cassa Armonica in 1862, but its construction was delayed until 1877. This elegant structure features a circular platform supported by cast iron columns, crowned with a dome made of bichrome glass. The delicate and graceful design also includes metal lattice columns. For many years, the Naples City Band, led by Maestro Raffaele Caravaglios, performed here. The Cassa Armonica became a hub for music enthusiasts and a cherished venue for concerts. (Photo 75) – The Monumento a Giambattista Vico is a significant sculpture located within the Villa Comunale in Naples, Italy. This statue pays homage to the renowned Giambattista Vico, an Italian philosopher, historian, and jurist. The monument was erected in honour of his intellectual contributions. (Photo 76)

Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi is a major square in the city of Naples, Italy. It is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi, a famous Italian general and nationalist who fought for the unification of Italy. The square is located near the Naples Central Station, the main railway station in the city, and is also served by two subway lines and several bus routes. The square is a busy and lively place, with many hotels, restaurants, shops, and street vendors. It also hosts a statue of Garibaldi and a modern steel pergola that covers the entrance to the subway station. The square is a good starting point to explore the historical and cultural attractions of Naples, such as the Underground Ruins, the Veiled Christ, and the Santa Chiara Cloister. (Photos 77-79) – Via Bologna is a dead-end street in Naples which can be found off the Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi. (Photo 78) – Via Alessandro Poerio is a street in Naples which runs from the Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi to Piazza Enrico de Nicola. (Photos 80-81) – Via Della Maddalena is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza Capuana to Via Antonio Ranieri. (Photo 82) – Via Carriera Grande is a dead-end street in Naples which can be found off the Via Cesare Rosaroll. (Photos 83-84) – Piazza Enrico de Nicola is a square in the historic centre of Naples, Italy. It is located near the Porta Capuana, one of the ancient gates of the city. The square is named after Enrico de Nicola, the first provisional head of state of Italy after World War II. (Photo 85-104) – Chiesa di Santa Caterina a Formiello is a church in Naples in Piazza Enrico De Nicola. It stands adjacent to the Porta Capuana. The current complex stands on the site of an earlier, smaller church dedicated to Santa Caterina d’Alessandria, a virgin and martyr. The original church was built in the late 15th century, along with an adjoining convent initially governed by the Celestine friars. The church was colloquially known as “a formiello” (from Latin “ad formis,” meaning near the conduits or channels) because it was located near the ancient Bolla aqueduct, which was later replaced by the Serino aqueduct in the late 19th century. Since its foundation, the church has housed the relics of the renowned Martyrs of Otranto, who were killed by the Turks on August 14, 1480, for refusing to renounce their faith. These relics were initially placed in the church of Santa Maria dei Martiri (formerly the Maddalena church) by Alfonso II of Naples. When the nuns of Maddalena returned to their convent, the martyrs’ remains were transferred, likely around 1497, to the small brick chapel within Santa Caterina, supported by marble angels. During this period, the city was under the rule of King Federico d’Aragona, who granted the church to the Dominican fathers of the reformed Congregation of Lombardy. They reconstructed the current sacred building and maintained it continuously until 1806, when the monastery was suppressed by order of Gioacchino Murat. (Photo 85-86) – Via Carbonara is a street in Naples which runs from Piazza Enrico de Nicola to Via Domenico Cirillo. (Photos 87-88-90) – Gradini SS. Apostoli is a street in Naples which runs from Via Carbonara to Vico Campanile Ai SS. Apostoli. (Photo 89) – Via Domenico Cirillo is a street in Naples which runs from Via Carbonara to Via Foria. (Photo 91) – Via Luigi Settembrini is a street in Naples which runs from Via Carbonara to Via Maria Longo. (Photo 92-93) – Via Duomo is a street in Naples which runs from Via Foria to Piazza Nicola Amore. (Photo 94) – Via San Giuseppe dei Ruffi is a street in Naples which runs from Via Duomo to Vico S. Petrillo. (Photo 95) – Vico S. Petrillo is a street in Naples which runs from Via S. Giovanni in Porta to Vico Giganti. (Photo 96) – Str. dell’Anticaglia is a street in Naples which runs from Via Pisanelli to Via San Giuseppe dei Ruffi. (Photo 97) – Via Donnaregina is a street in Naples which runs from Via Duomo to Via Santi Apostoli. (Photos 98-99-100) – Via SS. Apostoli is a street in Naples which runs from Via Donnaregina to Via S. Sofia. (Photo 101) – Via Oronzio Costa is a street in Naples which runs from Via S. Sofia to Via S. Sofia. (Photo -102-103)

Via dei Tribunali is a historic street in the centre of Naples. It was the main east-west street of the ancient Greek and Roman city of Neapolis, and it still preserves many monuments and buildings from different periods of history. Some of the attractions you can find along Via dei Tribunali are: – The Naples Cathedral (or Duomo), a majestic Gothic church that houses the relics of the city’s patron saint, San Gennaro. The cathedral also hosts the famous miracle of the liquefaction of the saint’s blood, which occurs three times a year. – The San Lorenzo Maggiore Complex, a medieval church and monastery that also includes a museum and an archaeological site. Here you can explore the remains of the ancient Roman market, the macellum, as well as other structures from the Greek, Roman, and medieval periods. The Napoli Sotterranea, a fascinating underground tour that takes you through the ancient aqueducts, cisterns, catacombs, and tunnels that lie beneath the city. You can also see some of the wartime shelters and artifacts from World War II. The Tribunale di Napoli, the main courthouse of Naples, which gives the street its name. The building was constructed in the 19th century and has a neoclassical facade. It is located near the end of the street, close to Piazza Cavour. These are just some of the highlights of Via dei Tribunali, but there are many more churches, palaces, museums, and shops to discover along this historic avenue. If you want to experience the authentic culture and cuisine of Naples, you should also try some of the famous pizzerias and pastry shops that are located here, such as Sorbillo, Di Matteo, and Scaturchio4. Via dei Tribunali is a must-see for anyone who visits Naples. (Photos 106-107-109-111-112-123-125) – Via S. Nicola dei Caserti is a street in Naples which runs from Via dei Tribunali to Via Giudecca Vecchia. (Photo -108) – Vico S. Maria Ad Agnone is a street in Naples which runs from Via dei Tribunali to Via S. Sofia. (Photo -110) -Piazzetta Sedil Capuano is a small square in the historic center of Naples, near Via dei Tribunali. It is named after the Sedile di Capuana, one of the six seats (or administrative districts) of the medieval city. The Sedile di Capuana was in a building on the square, which was demolished in the 19th century. Today, you can still see the stone arch that marked the entrance to the seat, as well as some coats of arms of the noble families that ruled the district. (Photos 113-114) – The Obelisco di San Gennaro, also known as the Guglia di San Gennaro, is a Baroque monument located in Naples, specifically in Piazza Riario Sforza. This square lies between the Royal Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro and the Pio Monte della Misericordia. Erected in 1636, the obelisk was commissioned by the Deputation of the Treasury as a token of gratitude for averting danger during the 1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius. The architect Cosimo Fanzago was entrusted with the project, and construction was completed nine years later, in 1660. The structure consists of a quadrangular column adorned with large volutes that culminate in a richly decorated Ionic capital. At the pinnacle of the obelisk stands the bronze statue of San Gennaro, crafted by Tommaso Montani. At the base, the sculpture of Sirena Partenope holds a shield inscribed with words of gratitude from the city to the saint. This monument is one of Naples’ three great spires and is the oldest in the city. Its location in Piazza Riario Sforza makes it a significant landmark, bearing witness to Neapolitan history and Baroque artistry. (Photos 115-116)

Via Duomo is a street in Naples which runs from Via Foria to Piazza Nicola Amore. (Photos 94-117-118-122) – Il Duomo di Napoli, also known as the Naples Cathedral, stands along the eastern side of Via Duomo, in a small square surrounded by porticoes. It incorporates, as if in lateral chapels, two other independent places of worship relative to the cathedral: – Basilica di Santa Restituta: This basilica houses the oldest Western baptistery, known as the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Fonte. – Royal Chapel of the Treasure of San Gennaro: Here, the relics of the city’s patron saint are preserved. The present cathedral, built in Angevin Gothic style, was commissioned by King Charles I of Anjou. Construction continued during the reign of his successor, Charles II (1285–1309), and was completed in the early 14th century under Robert of Anjou. It was erected on the foundations of two paleo-Christian basilicas, whose traces are still visible. Excavations beneath the cathedral have revealed Greek and Roman artifacts. Inside the cathedral, you’ll find several remarkable features: – Archaeological Remains: The crypt of the neighbouring original paleo-Christian church of Santa Restituta provides access to archaeological remains. Notably, there’s a Greek wall belonging to the temple of Apollo (in opus reticulatum). Beneath the apse, you can see the peristyle of a late imperial domus, a stretch of Roman aqueduct, and a segment of Greek road on an inclined plane. (Photos 118-119-120-121) – Piazza San Gaetano is a square in Naples, situated centrally along the Decumano Maggiore (the main east-west street) in the popular San Lorenzo neighbourhood. The square derives its name from the presence of Saint Gaetano’s tomb within the Basilica di San Paolo Maggiore. A sculpture dedicated to Saint Gaetano is also found in the square.The square’s location makes it a vibrant part of Naples, and it’s worth exploring for its historical and cultural significance. (Photo 124) – The Basilica di San Paolo Maggiore is a monumental basilica located in Naples, Italy. It stands in Piazza San Gaetano, which is in the heart of the historic centre of the city. The basilica was constructed on the remains of the 1st-century temple of the Dioscuri. Two Corinthian columns with their architraves still characterize the main facade. Saint Cajetan, the founder of the Theatines, is buried here. The church serves as his final resting place. The Baroque-style church underwent various reconstructions and additions over the centuries. Notably, the nave features frescoes by Massimo Stanzione, depicting events from the lives of St. Paul and St. Peter. Despite being severely damaged during an Allied bombing in 1943, the basilica remains a significant religious and historical site in Naples. (Photos 126-127-128)

Naples Cuisine: – Naples is famous for its rich and varied cuisine. Some of the most popular and traditional foods from Naples are: – Pizza Napoletana: The original pizza, made with a thin crust, tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and basil. There are two classic varieties: Margherita (with buffalo mozzarella) and Marinara (with garlic and oregano). – Fried Pizza: A deep-fried version of pizza, stuffed with ricotta cheese, provola cheese, meat, and black pepper. It is a street food specialty that is crispy on the outside and soft on the inside. – Spaghetti alle Vongole: A simple, light pasta dish with fresh clams, garlic, parsley, and olive oil. It is one of the most popular seafood dishes in Naples. – Pasta e Patate con Provola: A hearty and comforting dish of pasta and potatoes cooked together in a tomato sauce, with melted provola cheese on top. It is a typical winter dish that warms you up. – Pasta e Fagioli: A thick soup of pasta and beans, flavored with garlic, rosemary, and olive oil. It is a staple dish of Neapolitan cuisine that can be eaten as a main course or a side dish. – Ragù Napoletano: A slow-cooked meat sauce made with beef, pork, tomatoes, onions, and herbs. It is usually served with ziti, a type of tubular pasta, or gnocchi, small potato dumplings. – Parmigiana di Melanzane: A baked dish of sliced eggplants, tomato sauce, mozzarella cheese, and basil. It is a vegetarian dish that can be eaten hot or cold. – Sfogliatella: A crispy pastry filled with sweet ricotta cheese, candied fruit, and cinnamon. It is a typical breakfast or snack item that comes in two shapes: riccia (curly) or frolla (smooth). – Babà al Rum: A soft, spongy cake soaked in rum syrup and sometimes filled with whipped cream or pastry cream. It is a dessert that originated in France but became popular in Naples. – Struffoli: Small balls of fried dough coated with honey and sprinkled with candied fruit and nuts. They are a traditional Christmas treat that are usually arranged in a pyramid shape.

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Photo Gallery of  Walk 1 – Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi to Piazzetta Duca D’Aosta
Approximately 3.09 km – 1.92 mile

The walk starts in Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi – Corso Umberto I – Via Antonio Tari – Corso Umberto I – Monumento a Vittorio Emanuele II – Via Cardinale Guglielmo Sanfelice – Piazza Municipio – Fountain of Neptune, Piazza Municipio – Strada senza nome – Via Vittorio Emanuele III – Castel Nuovo, Via Vittorio Emanuele III – Largo Castello, Piazza Municipio – Via San Carlo – Galleria Umberto I, Via San Carlo – Via Santa Brigida – Via Toledo – Vico D’Afflitto – Via Toledo – Via Trinità degli Spagnoli, – Via Toledo – Piazzetta Duca D’Aosta

Photo Gallery of  Walk 2 – Piazza Trieste e Trento to Via Nazario Sauro
Approximately 1.20 km – 075 miles

The walk starts in Piazza Trieste e Trento – Piazza del Plebiscito – Via Cesario Console – Via Santa Lucia – Via Cesario Console – Statua di Augusto, Via Cesario Console – Via Ammiraglio Ferdinando Acton – Via Nazario Sauro – Statua di Umberto I, Via Nazario Sauro – Via Nazario Sauro – Via Palepoli – Via Nazario Sauro – Fontana della Immacolatella, Via Nazario Sauro – Via Nazario Sauro

Photo Gallery of  Walk 3 – Via Partenope to Monumento a Giambattista Vico, Giardino Villa Comunale
Approximately 1.88 km – 1.17 miles

The walk starts in Via Partenope – Passaggio Castel dell’Ovo – Via Partenope – Piazza Vittoria – Monumento a Nicola Amore, Piazza Vittoria – Piazza Vittoria – Giardino Villa Comunale – Cassa Armonica, Giardino Villa Comunale – Monumento a Giambattista Vico, Giardino Villa Comunale

Photo Gallery of  Walk 4 – Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi to Piazza Enrico de Nicola
Approximately 2.72 km – 1.69 miles

The walk starts in Piazza Giuseppe Garibaldi – Via Bologna  – Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi – Via Alessandro Poerio – Via Della Maddalena – Via Carriera Grande – Piazza Enrico de Nicola – Chiesa di Santa Caterina a Formiello, Piazza Enrico de Nicola – Via Carbonara – Gradini SS. Apostoli – Via Carbonara –  Via Domenico Cirillo –  Via Luigi Settembrini – Via Duomo – Via San Giuseppe dei Ruffi – Vico S. Petrillo – Str. dell’Anticaglia – Via Donnaregina –  Via SS. Apostoli – Oronzio Costa – Piazza Enrico de Nicola

Photo Gallery of  Walk 5 – Via Concezio Muzy to Basilica di San Paolo Maggiore, Piazza S.
Approximately 0.76 km – 0.47 miles

The walk starts in Via Concezio Muzy – Via dei Tribunali – Via S. Nicola dei Caserti – Via dei Tribunali – Vico S. Maria Ad Agnone – Via dei Tribunali – Piazzetta Sedil Capuano – Via dei Tribunali – Obelisco di San Gennaro, Piazza Cardinale Sisto Riario Sforza – Via dei Tribunali – Via Duomo – Cattedrale di San Gennaro, Via Duomo – Via Duomo – Via dei Tribunali – Piazza Gerolomini – Via dei Tribunali – Piazza S. Gaetano – Basilica di San Paolo Maggiore, Piazza S. Gaetano