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Is an administrative region of Northeast Italy comprising the historical regions of Emilia and Romagna. Its capital is Bologna. It has an area of 22,446 km2, and about 4.4 million inhabitants.
The region is one of the wealthiest and most developed regions in Europe, with the third highest GDP per capita in Italy. Bologna, its capital, has one of Italy’s highest quality of life indices and advanced social services. It is also a cultural and tourist centre, being the home of the University of Bologna, the oldest university in the world.
The region of Emilia-Romagna consists of nine provinces and covers an area of 22,446 km2 (8,666 sq. mi.), ranking sixth in Italy.
Nearly half of the region (48%) consists of plains while 27% is hilly and 25% mountainous. The region’s section of the Apennines is marked by areas of flysch, badland erosion (calanques) and caves. The mountains stretch for more than 300 km (186.41 mi) from the north to the south-east, with only three peaks above 2,000 m.
The plain was formed by the gradual retreat of the sea from the Po basin and by the detritus deposited by the rivers.
The geology varies, with lagoons and saline areas in the north and many thermal springs throughout the rest of the region. All the rivers rise locally in the Apennines except for the Po, which has its source in the Alps in Piedmont. The northern border of Emilia-Romagna follows the path of the river for 263 km (163.42 mi). Wikipedia
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