Italy in Photos
Photos of Italy taken on Walks in the Cities Towns & Villages of Italia
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Parco Archeologico di Paestum
Welcome to Italy in Photos and let our captivating photographs transport you to the very heart of Parco Archeologico di Paestum: – Parco Archeologico di Paestum is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that showcases the art and architecture of the ancient Greek civilization in Italy. It is in the Sele plain, about 30 km north of Salerno, and covers an area of about 120 hectares. Parco Archeologico di Paestum: A Journey into the Past – Imagine walking among the colossal columns of temples that have stood for more than two millennia, witnessing the traces of a civilization that shaped the history and culture of the Mediterranean. Imagine exploring the remains of a city that was once a flourishing centre of trade, politics, religion, and art. Imagine discovering the secrets and stories of the people who lived and died here, through the inscriptions, sculptures, paintings, and objects that they left behind. This is what Parco Archeologico di Paestum offers to its visitors: a journey into the past that reveals the beauty and richness of the ancient Greek world.
Parco Archeologico di Paestum was founded by the Greeks in the 7th century BC as Poseidonia, named after the god of the sea, Poseidon. It was one of the most important colonies of Magna Graecia, the name given to the Greek settlements in southern Italy and Sicily. The city prospered thanks to its strategic location on the coast, its fertile land, and its alliances with other Greek cities. It became famous for its sanctuaries dedicated to the gods, especially Hera, Athena, and Apollo, and for its festivals and games that attracted pilgrims and athletes from all over the Mediterranean. The most impressive and well-preserved monuments of Parco Archeologico di Paestum are the three Doric temples that dominate the landscape. They are among the oldest and finest examples of Greek temple architecture, and they reflect the harmony and proportion of the classical style. The Temple of Hera, also known as the Basilica, is the oldest and largest of the three, dating back to the 6th century BC. It has nine columns on the short sides and eighteen on the long sides, and it was used for the worship of the goddess of marriage and fertility. The Temple of Athena, also known as the Temple of Ceres, is the smallest and most elegant of the three, dating back to the 5th century BC. It has six columns on the short sides and thirteen on the long sides, and it was used for the worship of the goddess of wisdom and war. The Temple of Neptune, also known as the Temple of Poseidon, is the most majestic and complete of the three, dating back to the 5th century BC. It has six columns on the short sides and fourteen on the long sides, and it was used for the worship of the god of the sea and earthquakes. Besides the temples, Parco Archeologico di Paestum also preserves the remains of other buildings and structures that testify to the complexity and diversity of the ancient city. There are the walls and gates that surrounded and protected the city, the agora and the forum that were the centres of public life, the amphitheatre and the palestra that were the places of entertainment and sport, the houses and shops that were the spaces of private life, and the necropolis and the tombs that were the places of burial and commemoration. Among the most remarkable finds are the painted tombs, especially the Tomb of the Diver, which is the only example of Greek wall painting in Italy, and the Tomb of the Athlete, which depicts scenes of athletic competitions.
Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Paestum
Parco Archeologico di Paestum also hosts a museum that displays the artifacts and artworks that were excavated from the site. The museum contains a rich collection of pottery, sculpture, metalwork, jewelry, coins, and other objects that illustrate the material culture and the artistic expression of the ancient inhabitants. The museum also exhibits the famous metopes of the Heraion, which are carved reliefs that depict episodes from the myths of the gods and heroes, and the stelae of the Lucanians, which are stone slabs that bear the names and images of the warriors who fought against the Romans. Parco Archeologico di Paestum is a place that invites the visitors to immerse themselves in the past and to appreciate the legacy of the ancient Greeks. It is a place that inspires awe and wonder, curiosity and knowledge, respect and admiration. It is a place that connects the present with the past, and the human with the divine.
Photo Gallery of Parco Archeologico di Paestum
Photo Gallery of Walk – Via Magna Graecia to Basilica Paleocristiana della Ss. Annunziata
Approximately km 0.73 – 0.45 miles
The walk starts in Via Magna Graecia – Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Paestum – Piazza Basilica Zona Archeologica – Basilica Paleocristiana della Ss. Annunziata